Howling Woods Farm

American hornbeam (Musclewood)

Image result for Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana

American hornbeam is a tall shrub or small tree, to 35 feet tall, with overhanging branches and a gray trunk that has musclelike ridges.  Leaves are 1-2 inches wide and 2-5 inches long.  The upper surface is bluish-green and the undersurface is paler with hair.  It flowers from April to May.  The fruit hangs in clusters.